Au-delà de l'urgence - Ici comme ailleurs... Résolution du Groupe des Verts au Parlement européen sur Haïti

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION to wind up the debate on Haiti
pursuant to Rule 110(2) of the Rules of Procedure
Eva Joly, Isabelle Durant, Daniel Cohn-Bendit
on behalf of the Green/Efa Group


European Parliament resolution on The European Parliament,
- Having regard to the European Consensus on Humanitarian Aid

- Having regard to the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTHA),

- Having regard to Michel Barnier's proposal for a Europe civil protection force: Europe aide,
- having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure

A. Whereas the earthquake with unprecedented magnitude of 7.3 on the Richter scale, coasted more than 150 000 lives, 150 000 seriously injured, made 1.5 million people without shelter, devastated Port au Prince's major governmental buildings and economical infrastructure,

B. Whereas the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) has reported up to one million people are in need of shelter throughout the country and there up to 500,000 internally displaced people.

C. Recognising that most of the relief work have been by the Haitian themselves while Donor governments, individuals and corporations have responded swiftly and generously to the Haiti earthquake,

D. Whereas beyond the immediate relief operation, medium and long term recovery efforts to re-establish people's livelihood, destroyed infrastructure, state institutions and economic activities require long term international commitment,

E. Worried by the risk of illicit adoption and child trafficking, which takes advantage of the chaotic situation of the country and government capacity to control,

F. Whereas an estimated of 250 00 people have left Port au Prince and up to one million people are expected to leave for the rural areas,

G. Whereas decades of political instability, has contributed to weaken the state institutions and its capacity to provide basic public services prior to the earthquake and the damage provoked by the earthquake paralysed the state capacity to actively respond to the relief effort, which has aggravated the situation,

H. Whereas Haiti is crippled with $1 billion foreign debt, which is a bottle neck to Haiti's development even before the earthquake and which could aggravate the country's recovery effort,

I. Whereas the IMF pledged $100 million grant to launch a type of Marshall Plan to respond to the immediate need and plan the future, but this proposal was opposed by some EU member states, which is now turned to credits,

J. Whereas donors conference met in Montreal to assess the country's need with the participation of Haitian Prime Minister, and in March another conference will take place in....

1 Expresses its sincere condolence to the population of Haiti and international organisation staff members including the UN and the EU,

2 Welcomes the European Commission's preliminary commitments to 30 Million EUR in humanitarian assistance, however expresses concern that he Flash Appeal launched by the OCHA for $575 million is still only 47 per cent funded in terms of contributions,

3 Calls for a comprehensive assessment to identify short and long term needs of the population and EU's engagement in the reconstruction process, covering the three phases: emergency, rehabilitation and reconstruction,

4 Calls on the United Nation to review MINUSTHA's mandate with the authorities of Haiti to respond to the post disaster need of the country, particularly focusing on the security issues,

5 Have a serious doubt about the opportunity of opening a refugee camp for victims of the earthquake in Guantanamo,

6 Expresses its serious concern as regard to the illicit adoption and child trafficking, taking advantage of the current chaotic situation and calls on the EU and the UN to help the Haitian authorities in controlling this phenomenon and to take all the necessary measures to facilitate family regrouping and transparent and controlled adoption through recognised institutions,

7 Commends the Haitian authorities, civil society, as well as the EU, UN, bilateral donors and international NGOs swift response to the emergency aid and calls on the United Nation to coordinate the international relief effort and the country's reconstruction need, under uncontested leadership of the Haitian authorities,

8 Calls on the High Representative of the EU to put in place a European civil protection force, as proposed by Michel Barnier, to guarantee EU's humanitarian aid more effective and better coordinated; commends the EU Civil Protection work in Haiti,

9 Insists that the Haitian government, local authorities and civil society organisations must play a leading role to reconstruct their country's destroyed infrastructures, institutions as well as economic development, and asks the Commission and the member States to put the EU know how at their disposal,

10 Underlines the importance of providing local authorities with appropriate aid in order to allow them stimulate the economy as hundred thousands of people left Port au Prince to settle in the countryside,

11 Calls on the EU and other international donors to purchase locally produced food , as much as possible, in the relief effort, which is important to launch the rural economy and calls on the EU to support the agricultural sector by providing the necessary materials to small scale farmers

12 Asks the Commission to increase its support cash for work programmes, which are important for injecting cash into the community to launch economic activities,

13 Calls for an immediate cancellation of all Haiti's outstanding debts and stresses that any emergency earthquake assistance is provided in the form of grants, not debt-incurring loans,

14 Is outraged that the initial IMF pledges of $100 million grant and debt cancellation proposal, to launch a type of Marshall Plan to help Haiti's authorities to the immediate need, is opposed by donors and this proposal disappeared from donors conference agenda, which took place on the 25 January in Montreal,

15 Calls on the Commission to present to the European Parliament a comprehensive post disaster need assessment as well reconstruction progress report,

16 Instructs its president to forward this resolution to the Council, Commission, Member states, to the General Secretary of the UN, government of Haiti.

L'Eco-féminisme

- Introduction L’écologie féministe, éco-féminisme ou encore, « féminisme environnementaliste », est une approche féministe de l’éthique environnementale, apparue entre les années 1970 et 1980 et est considérée comme faisant partie de la « seconde vague » féministe. Né de l’union entre les pensées féministes radicales et écologiques, l’éco-féminisme doit son appellation à la féministe française Françoise d’Eaubonne. Notons qu’en Amérique du Nord, elle s’est principalement développée à partir des mouvements antinucléaire, anti-guerre, pro-environnementaux et pro-homosexuels (lesbiennes) et, bien sûr, féministes « généralistes » des années 1980. Depuis, maintes publications, conférences et actions basées sur la reconnaissance et l’analyse des connexions existant entre les femmes, la nature et le changement social constituent autant de jalons autorisant l’approche théorique que nous développons ci-après. L’éco-féminisme établit un étroit lien entre la domination de la nature par l’homme et l’exploitation des femmes. Il s’oppose de façon radicale à la mondialisation néo-libérale, considérée comme la cause majeure des problèmes de ce siècle : l’exclusion, les violences, la pauvreté, la pollution, les guerres ouvertes ou larvées. Il est à la fois un mouvement de l’esprit, une philosophie de la vie et une résistance politique. L’éco-féminisme n’est pas un mouvement homogène mais apparaît comme une « résultante » constituée de différentes approches contribuant chacune à alimenter la théorie. Cette hétérogénéité constatée aux sources et au sein-même de l’écologie féministe fait à la fois ses forces et ses faiblesses. (...) Accès à la recherche complète (20 pages) sur demande.